Tuesday, 26 April 2011

Where you go from learning masters of photography

If you track for your budding student photographer in your family search, or look like, his career of photography to promote that school can make a difference. There is no doubt, photography is an unusual career path with many different directions, which might be qualified to someone with a camera.

The diversity of careers in photography is truly amazing. From the base, talent in photography and a solid understanding of new and emerging technologies, the sky is the limit for a talented photographer with a solid training under his belt. This is because it is a form of art photography both a solid technical skills. Thus, the same school may award-winning artist, a successful wedding photographer, a photographer, a police investigator that produce images of crime scenes or crack newspaper photographer.

So the question arises, what kind of school of photography, choose for yourself or the student in your family, who wants the best education possible. How do you get each school is very strong both as education generally approach and what your goals are affected.

Some would like to see that you look to get the artistic photography in the schools of the country. If you want to go this way is sure the streams Institute of photography or the elite schools of Eastern artistic photography a noble goal. But there are three drawbacks to try to visit these schools. Firstly, the potential cost is, of course. All units will require training cadre eliti prices. And if you're like most of us are more for your money to get it. Some panels should be shopping for a school in order.

The second disadvantage is always allowed. Most flight schools have waiting lists and tough immigration information that can make this ambition sophisticated as needed. But the downside is that these schools may not be the right choice for your career, you may want to exercise the you or the students of photography in your life. So it is a good set of guidelines for assessing a variety of schools of photography in order. The guidelines may include ...

. What type of photography is right for you? A programme in artistic photography, hanging pieces in a Museum of modern art will have a very different approach to a programme of training forensic photographers. Students may not immediately know which field they want to take. If so started a school can be generic, such as a focus on photography at the local junior College is the right choice for your career path.

. It is a legitimate school? You want to avoid schools that run from the Internet or that you have read on the back of a matchbook. A school will provide a degree recognised legitimate, they are respected in the industry and will help students get jobs.

. What is available locally? Why go out of town or State, you have good local schools? Many State Universities, junior colleges and tech schools have programs to find.

. As diverse and up-to-date is the program? Will your students get exposed to the latest technology in the field of photography? Use creative in how many different types of assignments for training?

. How to watch rating job placement program? What is the percentage of graduates from this program get jobs? Is this school of companies employing photographers as well maintained?

It is solid criteria. And if you both locally and nationally applied these standards to a few dozen of the best schools, little time to develop a short list of good schools. From there, some Web site visits, interviews with teachers and graduates are limiting things. And you have your homework "be glad, the art of photography school will find that you or the student to the next success in their love of photography takes the stage in your life.

Friday, 22 April 2011

Depth of field ( sharpness ROOM )

Selection of the size of the aperture when shooting is not actually stronger than depend on whether or not the light that falls on objects, as well as the effect of the sharpness that we want to get on the background and foreground objects.  Because each room instead of a diaphragm has a different sharpness.
In general, not daifragma large ( small numbers ), has a sharpness of a narrow space while not a small aperture ( large number ) have a wide space sharpness.  So if you want the background to our object becomes blurred ( blur ), select a small framed diaphragm while if you want a sharp background, we select a large framed diaphragm.
In addition to not depend on the diaphragm, sharp space also depends on the ' hotspots lens ' used and ' distance of the object with the camera '.  The longer the lens focal.  The more narrow space sharpness.
In sum, the sharpness of space depends on:
- Not diagragma
- lens focal length
- Distance shots
Focal Length
Lens Focal Length
The distance between the lens center to the point of fire from the lens, in
unit mm
1:1,4 / f = 50 mm
1:2,8 / f = 135 mm
1:2,8-4 / f = 80-300 mm 􀃆
for long- focus zoom lens
different show from a different angle
The larger ( longer ) focal length, the smaller its angle
of view, so the fewer objects recorded.

Showed the largest diaphragm opening
which can be used on the lens
The ( strong lens )
Sharpness Manager
To set the aperture diaphragm associated with the sharpness ( Depth of Filed ) The width of the diaphragm the more narrow area of sharpness ( DOF ) and vice versa

Use of Lenses

On the use of wide-angle lens gives sharp spacious room.  Unlike the use of telephoto lenses that have a narrow view of space.
Gain a wide-angle lens will produce sharp spacious room.  This profit is used to shoot by hand without looking at the viewfinder camera upwards and walk while estimating the angle of the target object.  This is usually used when shooting a photo journalist at close range during a clash in penghadangan position among the masses.  The second advantage with eyes that are not attached to the camera is able to see the situation around.  This can be avoided when there are stones or clubs.
Distance to Object
The closer the object, the sharpness will decrease, the contrary if the position is far from the object then kejamannya increasingly on the use of the same diaphragm

Aperture (diaphragm)

Aperture is a hole in the lens that regulates the intensity of light entering the camera.  The diaphragm is made of thin metal plates that form a round hole.  The size of this hole can be reduced or raised.  The smaller the hole the less light enters and sharp impact on the room spacious.  The bigger the aperture hole is more and more light coming in, but the sharpness of a narrow space.  The diaphragm is crucial role of space images sharp.
The size of the diaphragm aperture effect on the space sharply.  In a small opening was marked with a choice of large numbers in the diaphragm (f/11, f/16, F22).  Something that was in front and behind the main focus will appear sharp.  Means to minimize the diaphragm it will expand the space sharply.  While the large openings marked by a small number of choices on the diaphragm (f / 1.4 f / 2.8).  Objects that are in front or behind the main focus will appear blurry.  Decrease sharpness degradation takes place so far from the object will be increasingly blurred.
The use of root 2 as a benchmark to determine the sequence number of aperture diaphragm
1 to 1.4 - 2 to 2.8 - 4 to 5.6 - 8 - 11-16 - 22-32 now on conventional cameras and digital electronics, figures are not pegged to the number but more flexible again.

The diaphragm is usually written with the symbol f / and numbers, such as for example: 1.4 - 2 to 2.8 - 4 - 5.6 to 8 11 16 22 - ff.  So writing becomes f / 1.4 - f / 2 - f / 2.8 - f / 4 - f / 5.6 - f / 8 - f/16 - - f/22 - ff.
The more 'big' numbers diaphragm, then the 'small' hole formed diaphragm.  The more 'small' number of the diaphragm, the more 'big' hole formed diaphragm.
Figures diaphragm is obtained by dividing the focal length lens with diameter hole.  So for example the dotted fire lens has a hole 50 mm by 25 mm, the aperture f / 2.
Generally speaking, if the objects we potretterkena strong light, then the diaphragm must be installed in large numbers (eg f/16), whereas if the light is less, then we have to portrait with a small aperture (eg f / 2).
Diaphragm unit is usually called by the term f-stop.  While the difference between their masinng diaffragma is one stop.  For example if f / 2 we niakkan one stop, then the diaphragm is now the f / 2.8.

Saturday, 9 April 2011


The lens is the first media regulator before a wave of photons of light that passed on the film or CCD sensor.  Good or bad a picture is determined by the lens.  While the lens is the optical element arranged in a series.  In the lens there is a diaphragm that regulates the intensity or the amount of light on film.  There is also the sharpness of focus control

Standard Lens
Lenses that have a point of view of 46 degrees or equal to the eye.  This lens has a focal length of 50 mm

Wide Angle Lens
Wide lens has a focal length of less than 50 mm.  The nature of wide-angle lens:
Ø Broadening the view
Ø Includes a broad view
Ø Space also sharp broad
Ø For many journalists work is needed this lens.
Ø Effect shadows and high contrast compared to a telephoto lens
Ø distortions arising

To highlight, beauty, beauty, one's performance the best lens choice is a telephoto lens.  When using wide lens then the resulting form widened, as a result of lens distortion.

Tele Lens
Its function is closer to the object.  Having a short sharp space.  The longer the focal length of his increasingly sharp narrow space.  Things that were not far behind though coincide.  Often occurs camera shake.  Camera vibrations that occur because of the heavy burden of the lens.  Currently many of which have been equipped lens image stabilizer.

Vario Lens / Zoom Lens

Lens choice is based on the use of more flexible at the time of shooting.  Without a back and forth without moving place.  This is useful when shooting with a lot of people.  So it does not interfere with the progress we pullback.
Has the dual ability to replace the function of the lens.  This means that some lenses are packed into one
In addition, key points contained in each lens is the optical contrast and separation power.  Contrast optics is the ability of each lens to distinguish colors that are similar.  While the separation power is the ability of the lens to separate the line-garik coincide.  This election meyangkut quality and lens quality and color accuracy are produced.
Understanding the use of Rana and Digrafragma.  Or a combination of both.  And the resulting effects.
Functions contained in the camera shutter is set faster mechanism than the light that comes into the film / sensor.  While Aperture diaphragm located on the lens helps maintain a small amount of light passing into the lens.
Understanding the diaphragm can not be separated from the depth of field.  Depth of field is the space where the element of sharpness in an image looks sharp and clear.  When focusing on a particular object, the position where a focused look sharp, then the area is called the Space Sharp.  Sharpness wide say, if the object and surrounding background still looks sharp.  While the sharp objects just be focused.  While the rest of the blur, especially the front and the back, narrow or limited meaning sharpness.
Factors affecting Sharp Space is
Ø diaphragm Aperture (Aperture),
Ø Focus Long, Long Point Fire (Focal of Length)
Ø Shooting Distance, distance focus lens to the object,
Ø The size of the film format used on the analog camera or the large size of the sensor on digital cameras

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Thursday, 7 April 2011


One of the most important part of the camera lensa.mengapa go round that way?  Because the reflected light from the object will bounce through the lens and then recorded by the film contained in our camera.  So the resulting image quality is highly dependent on the quality of the lens used.  The better the quality of our lens, then the images that we will get sharper and the colors would be great too.
When these lenses are available in the market already has a high quality quality.  This is because the coating ( coated ) that covers the lens we have to continue the colorful obyyek shooting great.
Based on the length of the fire point, the lens can be classified into several types:


Based on the 'observer hole', the camera can be divided into three major categories as follows:
A.  Range finder camera viewfinder or windowed
The main characteristic of this camera is located on sisikiri bidiknya window or right of the camera body.  The weakness of this camera is often the case what is seen by our eyes through the viewfinder, not the same denggan recorded by the film through the camera lens.  This is called paralax.
B.  Twin Lens Camera (Twin Lens Camera)
On this camera there are two lenses of the same magnitude, located above and the one right below it.  The function of each lens is like the camera's range finder

Tuesday, 5 April 2011


In principle, a camera has the following things:
1.  Holes for inserting the light
2.  Completely dark room
3.  Flat field to put the film

At first, a simple camera is just the shape of a cube that has a hole for the needle so -called pinhole camera ( Pinhole camera ).

Pinhole functions as the entry of light reflection from the object to be photographed.  Things that will reflect rays of light hit, and this reflected light will enter the camera through the pinhole.  So in a state of total darkness, where there is absolutely no light, we do not bida photographing.  Shadow, will happen, if the light reflection was captured by the screen contained in a dark room.  Inside this dark room there is a wall that serves as a screen to catch the shadow ( image ) that comes from things that we reflected light portraits.

History of Photography

The word comes from the Latin camera: Camera obscura which means' dark room '.  People will see a picture or shadow of a sunny landscape in a dark room wall, where the dark room has a small hole that overlooks the scene.

In 1827, Joseph Niepce has managed to capture the image on the layer of light -sensitive type of asphalt, with the help of camera obscura.  The time required to reach the asphalt is 8 hours.
In 1837, Louis Deguere, make Deguerreotypes, and require a relatively shorter exposure of 15-30 minutes.

In England, William Henry Fox Talbot made ​​a smaller negative.  After lighting should be exfoliated for 30 minutes in the camera called mousetraps ( mouse traps ).